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  • FPV Glossary
    Daniel
    For newbies like me, a glossary is vital to understanding what everyone is talking about.
    • AlienWii: A flight controller. which runs a customized MultiWii firmware, hacked and tuned by the propellerhead community. We also provide the source code, so you can further tweak the settings to make it fly exactly like you want it to fly!
    • Accelerometer: An electronic component which measures acceleration on a given axis (direction) of flight.
    • AP: Aerial Photography – a field which is growing fast
    ...
    17-02-15, 11:57 PM
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  • FPV Glossary

    For newbies like me, a glossary is vital to understanding what everyone is talking about.
    • AlienWii: A flight controller. which runs a customized MultiWii firmware, hacked and tuned by the propellerhead community. We also provide the source code, so you can further tweak the settings to make it fly exactly like you want it to fly!
    • Accelerometer: An electronic component which measures acceleration on a given axis (direction) of flight.
    • AP: Aerial Photography – a field which is growing fast due to smaller cameras and better aerial platforums
    • Arduino: An open source (free software) project centered around a low cost circuit board which allows for control of objects. It is easily programmable allowing for experimentation. Manyquadcopter control boards (FC, Flight Controllers) are built using this board and software.
    • ARF: Almost Ready to Fly – used to describe the Drone or Quadcopter you are purchasing – as to what it comes with! ARF units often come without the transmitter and may require some easy assembly.
    • Autonomous: not subject to control from outside, often used to describe a drone which follows a preset path using GPS or other means, as opposed to being actively steered by radio control.
    • Balanced Battery Charger: A charger or internal system for Lipo batteries (or other chemistries) which uses smart technology to properly charge multiple cells within the battery and “balance” them.
    • Barometric Pressure Sensor: A device which uses barometer readings to determine altitude. In combination with other sensors, these can help drones determine their height above ground.
    • BEC: Battery Eliminator Circuit – this is an electronic component which allows the single battery on a quadcopter (or other device) to power multiple circuits – for example, to power the receiver as well as the motors. This is done mostly for weight savings.
    • Bind: The process of making the controller (Transmitter) “talk” to the Quadcopter or drone.
    • BNF: This usually describes a unit which is ready to BIND to your existing transmitter and then fly.
    • Brushless Motor: Lightweight brushless motors are one of the defining features of the recent growth in popularity of electric aircraft. Brushless motors are categorically far more efficient, and far more durable than brushed motors.
    • Buggy: Location in Singapore Tampines where people like to fly FPV. Named that way as the place has been historically used by the RC Buggy people.
    • Build: Used an a noun when discussing home-built quadcopters or multirotors – example “Here’s a picture of my build”.
    • CA Glue: Cyanoacrylate adhesive – also called superglue. This, along with Gorilla Glue and Liquid Tape, are often used in the building and repair of aerial vehicles.
    • Camera Gimbal: This describes a camera holder, often used on drones, which may have the capability to tilt and swerve using small actuators called servos. Various camera models, including video cameras and even large DSLRs, can be fitted to these gimbals.
    • CF: Carbon Fiber – a very lightweight and strong materials used in aircraft and other items requiring a high strength to weight ratio.
    • DJI: DJI Innovations, a highly regarded multirotor manufacturer who sells both kits, completed units and parts including the popular NAZA flight controller.
    • Drone: A newer, perhaps slang, definition is for any unmanned powered aerial vehicle, although the dictionary has not yet caught up! In terms of the news and current events, it is often used to describe aerial vehicles which can be guided from afar and contain surveillance gear, etc. Officially, “drone” defines a humming sound or a male bee which mates with the queen.
    • ESC: Electronic Speed controller – this to used to speed up and slow down motor “RPM”. These devices are the key to modern multicopters.
    • First Person View/FPV: First Person View – often used to describe cameras mounted on drone of copters which let the operator see what the aerial vehicle sees in real time. This is done by way of googles or screens which display the output of the on-board cameras.
    • Flash: (verb) – To reset and/or add computer code to a chip or controller…. i.e. “I flashed the ESC”
    • Gimbal: A mechanism for keeping an instrument (such as a camera) level and stable in a moving aircraft.
    • GoPro: A line of small lightweight sport cameras which are often flown on multirotors to capture video.
    • GPS:Global Positioning System used to track movement or hold position on certain advanced Multirotor models.
    • Gyro/Gyroscope: A device that measures angular velocity and helps maintain orientation
    • Hexacopter: A multirotor aerial vehicle with 6 rotors.
    • IMU: Inertial measurement unit – a combination controller containing both accelerometer(s) andgyro(s) which together can help in orientation, navigation and stabilization, etc.
    • Intervalometer: A feature, based in either software or hardware, which allows a camera to take still pictures every “X” seconds. This is often used with AP (Aerial Photography) – also called interval shooting.
    • JST: A type of battery connector (plug) used on many quads. The other popular style is called the Walkera Connector. You can buy adapters which convert one to the other.
    • KK: The name of a multirotor flight control ( FC ) circuit board, developed initially by Rolf Bakke. The newest models are dubbed KK2. These flight controllers are quite reasonably priced – usually under $35 US each.
    • LHS: Local Hobby Shop – some are lucky enough to have one nearby with resident experts on R/Cquads!
    • LIPO: Also called Lipo or li po, etc. These are the type of battery (internal chemistry) that most electric drones currently use.
    • LOS: Line of sight – meaning you should see it (your drone) with your naked eye while flying!
    • mAh: Milliampere-hour – an electrical measurement of the power packed into a battery. One thousand equal one ampere hour. Quadcopter batteries will be from as small as 50 mAh to 5000+ mAh.
    • Mobius Camera: A popular lightweight camera built especially for R/C use – it has the capability to take HD video as well as still pictures with a built in shot-to-shot timer (intervalometer).
    • Mod Mini: One of our local private brands from our local star flyer.
    • Multicopter: An aerial vehicle with multiple rotors (propellers which are horizontal). This would include tricopters, quadcopters, hexacopters, octocopters, etc.
    • Multiwii: General purpose software initially developed to support Nintendo Wii console gyroscopes and accelerometers. Now it is used to control multirotor aircraft. The software is now installed on many Arduino circuit boards, including custom models specifically for quadcopters.
    • NAZA: An electronic flight controller used on mid-level and above multirotors – produced by a company called DJI, The NAZA contains the main controlled chip along with a gyro,accelerometer, and a barometric altimeter. Optional GPS & Compass modules are available.
    • Octocopter: An aerial vehicle with 8 rotors.
    • OSD: On Screen Display – a device which provides an overlay on the ground monitor screen..usually showing telemetry data such as battery life, altitude, headings, etc.
    • Payload: The amount of weight your aerial vehicle may be able to lift in addition to itself and it’s batteries.
    • Phantom: Brand name of a popular Ready to Fly Quadcopter
    • Pitch: used to describe the angle of flight along one axis – in the case of quadcopters, usually from level.
    • Quadcopter: An aerial vehicle using 4 rotors, commonly using only the varying speed of the motors to achieve both stability and direction of flight.
    • RTF: Ready to Fly – In the field of Multirotors, quad (and other) copters and other R/C (radio controlled) vehicles, this means that the unit is sold complete with everything – ready to go.
    • RX: short for receiver or receive
    • Servo: short for servomotor or servomechanism. On quadcopters and other aerial drones, these are used for various tasks (pan cameras, adjust wing flaps) and controlled by the radio from the ground.
    • Telemetry: Refers to a back and forth connection between an aerial vehicle and your controller/transmitter/screens. This would allow, as an example, the display of the battery power remaining on the multirotor to be displayed to you at your ground station.
    • Throttle: Control used to increase or decrease the RPM (speed) of the electric motors
    • TX: Short for transmitter or transmit
    • UAV: Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (drone, etc.) or unmanned autonomous vehicle
    • Ultrasonic Sensor: A sensor which uses sound waves – in the case of quadcopters and multirotors they are usually used to determine the distance from the ground by bouncing sound waves off of it. In typical use, they work only for a few meters above the ground or other surface.
    • Yaw: used to describe the rotation of a quadcopter on a level plane around it’s center axis.
    Forgive me if I get things wrong and please let me know if you have other terms to add in, want to edit some terms, disagree or anything. This is always going to be a work in progress so please contribute!!

    Note to Vince, I'm still adding stuff and formatting it etc, Just putting it here so i don't have to do double edits later.
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